Multilingual Computing Resources

The Arabic Macintosh Resource Centre


The most comprehensive discussion of Macintosh Arabic computing and resources on the Internet.

Developed by: Middle East Medievalists MEMber Dr. Knut S. Vikør (University of Bergen, Norway)


The FarsiWeb (Sharif University of Technology, Tehran)


Provides useful information concerning the development of Persian computing and Unicode.  A free Windows Unicode-enabled Nesf font is available for download.


How to: Add & Enable Additional Languages in Windows (NT4, 2000, XP)


This article at describes how to add and enable support for additional languages on a computer running Windows.


How to: Enable Right-Left Language Support - Word 2002 on Windows XP & 2000


"This step-by-step article [at] discusses the installation and configuration requirements for right-to-left languages in Microsoft Word 2002 (Microsoft Office XP) on Microsoft Windows XP and Windows 2000. This article also explains how to set up your computer so that you can type in, edit, and proof (checking the spelling and grammar) right-to-left languages in Word 2002.

NOTE: Right-to-left languages include Arabic, Hebrew, [Persian, Syriac], and Urdu."

How to: Arabicizing Windows: Enabling Applications to Read and Write Arabic 
  This paper by al-Husein N. Madhany provides detailed instructions for enabling Arabic reading and typing capabilities in all Microsoft Windows versions, the most common Microsoft Word and WordPerfect versions, and  major Internet web browsers. This paper also discusses useful, time-tested hints and resources for using Arabic with Microsoft Windows and Word. 

Microsoft Arabic TypeSetting font


Currently only available with the purchase of Microsoft Office 2003 Proofing Tools Kit or the  Multilanguage User Interface Packs.  View a sample by clicking here

An OpenType Unicode-enabled font for Microsoft Windows (2000, XP) operating system and Microsoft Office (2002, 2003, .NET) supporting Arabic script languages (Arabic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish, Adighe, Baluchi, Berber, Dargwa, Ingush, Kashmiri, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Lahnda, Maghrib Arabic, Old Hausa, Old Malay, Pashto, Sindhi, Tunisian Arabic, Turkic, Uighur, Urdu), archaic letters (dotless kaf and ba'), Qur'anic annotations signs, presentation forms, and all major systems of transliteration.  Compliant with Unicode version 4.0.

Arabic Script Designed by: Middle East Medievalists MEMber Mamoun Sakkal;
Produced by:
Microsoft's Typography Group; Tiro Typeworks


Multilingual Computing White paper (Forthcoming!)


An in-depth analysis of multilingual computing issues and emerging trends in the light of the needs of the scholarly community by Middle East Medievalists MEMber Dr. Josef W. Meri.


Naqsh font (Free)


A free OpenType Unicode compliant stylized Arabic script font supporting a number of languages and transliteration by Lateef Sagar Shaikh.


Persian Fonts (Free)


A collection of approximately 50 free Unicode-enabled TrueType Persian fonts for use with Windows 2000 and Windows XP at Borna Rayaneh Co. (Tehran, Iran).

Semitic Transliterator (New Unicode version) 

Produced by Linguists Software in Edmonds, Washington, USA.  The first commercial Unicode-encoded OpenType font for transliterating Semitic languages (Arabic, Aramaic, Hebrew) and Persian.  "Transliterate Semitic languages plus Greek and Coptic using Unicode-encoded fonts, which provide perfect positioning of all accented letters needed in the 21 transliteration methods supported by the fonts. This product is available in six typestyles and includes two keyboard layouts. Users who own Microsoft Word 2003 can benefit from the OpenType layout features in the fonts for the most logical, intuitive input possible: letter, accent, accent. Word 2003 [Windows] will automatically build up the accented letter as you type. Users of all other Unicode-aware applications can use the Deadkey keyboard layout for easy typing of accented letters using deadkey input."  Cross-platform compatible (Ideally suited for Windows XP and Macintosh OSX 10.2+)  Suitable for use in academic publications.

*Currently available to MEMbers of Middle East Medievalists at a special discount.*


Syriac Fonts (Meltho Fonts - Beth Mardutho)


FREE DOWNLOAD!  "Meltho Fonts, Version 1.20 is now available for download. Fonts in Version 1.20 are Windows XP enabled. In order to use these fonts, you must have one of the following settings:

Windows XP Professional Edition, or Windows XP Home Edition, or Windows 2000 Professional with Office XP installed (Windows 2000 does not ship with Syriac support, by installing Office XP the Syriac support is automatically added)

You cannot create Syriac documents with Windows 95/98/ME, but you can view documents created by others on these platforms if you install Office XP.

To download the fonts, register on the SyrCOM Group (please do not use nicknames*) from which you can download fonts, installation instructions, documentation, etc."

Fonts produced by: George A. Kiraz and Paul Nelson


TITUS Cyberbit Basic Font


A free downloadable Times style TrueType Unicode-enabled font for transliteration of Middle Eastern Languages, Ancient Greek, Coptic, etc. for Windows 2000/XP.  Does NOT support Arabic script.

Developed by: Prof. Dr. Jost Gippert and the staff of the Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien TITUS




A free downloadable linguistic add-in for Microsoft Word 97, 2000, 2002 which allows one to easily enter transliteration and IPA characters via floating toolbars and menus.  Works with any Unicode-enabled font such as TITUS Cyberbit Basic.

Developed by: Dr. Östen Dahl (Stockholm University)


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